Ginkgo & Banzai

Banzai the Cat con Gingko Biloba var. Golden Globe, Westringia fruticosa e Ampelopsis veitchii robusta

Il mio Banzai comincia a prendere confidenza col giardino dopo esser già diventato padrone di casa. Qui con Ginkgo biloba var.Golden Globe, Westringia fruticosa e Ampelopsis veitchii robusta.

Il gingko biloba è una pianta antichissima. Appartiene al genere delle conifere pur non avendo aghi ma foglie a forma di ventaglio, formate da aghi saldati insieme in tempi remoti , ed è deciduo, cioè perde le foglie in inverno.Il nome del genere Gingko, deriverebbe dal cinese 銀杏 (銀 yin «argento» e 杏 xìng «albicocca»; 銀杏 yinxìng «albicocca d’argento») che per un’errata trascrizione della forma giapponese ginkyō (ぎんきょう) da parte del botanico tedesco Engelbert Kaempfer ha mutato la lettera y in g.

Banzai a caccia di pesci. Da sinistra: Acorus variegatus, Pistia Stratioides, Myriophyllum, Lenticchia d'acqua (lemma sp. pl.), Lagarosiphon major

I gingko  hanno una fantastica livrea autunnale giallo oro. E’ consigliabile non tenere un gingko femmina vicino casa. I semi, commestibili, sono rivestiti da un involucro maleodorante. Sono alberi di grosse dimensioni e non sono adatti per tutti i giardini. Esistono tuttavia infinite varietà selezionate per tutti gli usi e le ambientazioni.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Di seguito una lista delle maggiori varietà in commercio.

(da The Gingko pages)

 

Ginkgo biloba:

‘Anny’s Dwarf’: dwarf form

‘Autumn Gold’: better fall colour and/or modified broad spreading growth habit, compact form, male.view photo

‘Barabits Nana’: small bushy form, up to 2 metres.view photo

‘Beijing Gold’: shrub form, 4 m, yellow leaves also in spring and summer ( in summer somewhat striped)dotview photo

‘Bergen op Zoom’: small straight up to 4 metres.

‘Chase Manhattan’: small, tiny darkgreen leaves, compact, ideal for bonsai and rockgarden, 1.5 mdot

‘Chichi (Icho)’: smaller leaves and a textured trunk, bark has breast-shaped protuberancesdot

‘Chris’s Dwarf’ (or ‘Munchkin’?): see ‘Munchkin’

‘Chotek’: weeping form of  ‘Witches Broom’; cultivar from Czech Republic; found by Mr Horak, Bystrice pod Hostinemin. Named to tribute the house of Choteks, the family of archbishop F. M. Chotek.

‘Elmwood’: vertical columnar formview photo

‘Elsie’: upright growing, female.

‘Fairmount’: slender form, big leaves, dense pyramidal crown, male, 15 m.view photo

‘Fastigiata’: architectural vertical accent, nearly columnar form, slightly wider at the base, big leaves, male (also available as female).dotview photo

‘Globosa’: Graft on stock, bulb-shaped, compact view photo

‘Globus’: Bullet-form, big leaves.

‘Golden globe’: Full head and spectacular yellow fall color. Trees are unusually densely branched for Ginkgos. Young trees have full crowns that mature in a broad, rounded head. Male. (from a seedling of Cleveland Tree Co. )view photo

‘Gresham’: Wide spreading horizontal branch habit. (from Gresham High School Ginkgos at Gresham, Oregon)view photo

‘Hayanari’: female.

‘Heksenbezem Leiden’ (Witches broom): quite compact, rounded, dwarf form, branching closely grouped,
up to 3 metres.view photo

‘Horizontalis’: tall and wide form, many side-branches. Wide crown.view photo

‘Jade Butterfly’: dense darkgreen foliage clumps, shrubby outline, vase shaped, semi dwarf, about 3 m.view photo

‘King of Dongting’: slow growing, very big leaves.

‘Laciniata’: large deeply divided leavesdotview photo

‘Lakeview’: compact, conical to broadly pyramidal, male.view photo

‘Liberty Splendor’: broad pyramidal form with strong trunk, female.

‘Long March’: Upright growing, female is cultivated for heavy crops of tasty nuts.

‘Magyar’: uniform symmetrical branching, upright narrow pyramid form, up to 19 metres, male.

‘Mariken’: more compact than ‘W.B.’, tall about 3 ft, w.6-10 ft, branches more or less pendulous, graft on about 5 ft stock (P. Vergeldt; from a tree in Nijmegen).dotview photo

‘Mayfield’: Narrower form than Fastigiata, tight upright, short branches, 9-12 m.view photo

‘Munchkin’ (or ‘Chris’s Dwarf’ ?): Upright habit and numerous slender branches,  it has a tendency to be more regular in shape. Most leaves do not exceed the size of a quarter and are very dense on the plant. May eventually reach 6 ft but growth rate is around 4” a year. dot

‘Ohasuki’: up to 4 metres, halfround big leaves, female.

‘Pendula’: branches more or less pendulous (“weeping”), slow growing, decorative.dotview photoview photo

‘Prague or Pragense’: low spreading and parasol-shaped.

‘Princeton Sentry’: well known cultivar, slow growing, big decorative leaves, upright conical form gives very formal focal point, male, 30 m. Improved “Fastigiata”. Name derived from tree in Princeton Cemetary.view photo

‘Rainbow’: striped with green/yellow leaves, about 3 m. Improved ‘Variegata’. Remove green leaved branch immediately.

‘Salem Lady’: female from Oregon.

‘Santa Cruz’: female, low, spreading, umbrella-shaped.

‘Saratoga’: dense branches, small yellow-green leaves, slow growth, rounded outline, male, 10 m.view photo

‘Shangri-La’: fast growing with compact pyramidal form, 14 metres, grows somewhat faster, male.

‘Spring Grove’: dwarf, very small and compact, about 3 m.

‘Tit’: = Chichi (Icho).

‘Tremonia’: small, pyramidal form, very big leaves, female, 10 m.view photo

‘Troll’: compact ‘W.B.’,  leaves vary from normal to rounded (Johann Wieting; from a tree in Krefeld, Germany.dotview photo

‘Tubifolia’: slender leaves form sort of tub shape, slow growing, decorative, small tree, fairly compact branching, about 3 m.view photo

‘Umbrella’: compact, densely branched, different leaf-forms and sizes.view photo

‘Variegata’Ginkgo biloba 'Variegata' (photo Cor Kwant)shrub form with variegated foliage,  some leaves ‘halved’ green and gold, others striped and others half gold/half striped, up to 3 metres, female. It often reverts to green (see ‘Rainbow’). Half-shaded position.dotview photo

‘Windover’: broad oval outline, shade tree, 17 m.

‘W.B.’ (‘Witches Broom’): dwarf form, compact, rounded, lightgreen leaf, closely grouped branches,
about 2.75 m.dotview photo

dot can also be grown as a bonsai

3 thoughts on “Ginkgo & Banzai

  1. adesso so come si chiama quella pianta puzzolente che il mio vicino ha nel suo giardino ! pensavo fosse causata da qualche insetto , invece sono i semi ! grazie per l’informazione amico ! banzai è un bellissimo gatto, ma il tuo cane……che ne pensa?

  2. Per un certo periodo ho preso ginkgo per le sue preziose proprietà, però purtroppo avvertivo dei disturbi, ho fatto delle prove più volte sulla mia pelle( scherzo) mi rimane solo da ricordarlo per la sua antichissima storia.

    p.s.

    Banzai è un mito per come si fa riprendere con l’obiettivo.

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