Albinism (from Latin albus, “white”; also called achromia, achromasia, or achromatosis) is a congenital disorder characterized by the complete or partial absence of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes due to absence or defect of an enzyme involved in the production of melanin. Albinism results from inheritance of recessive gene alleles and is known to affect all vertebrates, including humans.
Albinism is associated with a number of vision defects, such as photophobia, nystagmus and astigmatism. Lack of skin pigmentation makes the organism more susceptible to sunburn and skin cancers.
Noi the Albino (Icelandic: Nói albinói ) is an Icelandic film by director Dagur Kári released in 2003. The film explores the life of teenage outsider Nói Kristmundsson in a remote fishing village in western Iceland. The film won multiple awards.